What is interior designer?

Interior design is a growing field of expertise that provides creative and technical solutions for interior spaces. Interior designers create and maintain a functional, aesthetically pleasing environment within an existing space. Understanding the basics of what a interior designer does can be beneficial to anyone considering making changes to their living or work space. As such, it’s important to understand the role of an interior designer and how they can help you create your ideal space through conceptualization, planning, and implementation.

Definition of Interior Design

Interior design is the art of creating interior spaces that are aesthetically pleasing and functionally satisfying. It involves making decisions about which materials, colors, textures, furniture, accessories and lighting to use in order to create a space that meets the clients’ needs for comfort, convenience and style.

A good interior designer will have an eye for detail and be able to create a look that is both pleasant to the eye and practical. Interior designers also need to understand building codes, safety regulations and other legal considerations when designing a space. They must also keep up with trends in design styles such as modern or traditional while staying mindful of their client’s specific tastes. Designers may work with architects or contractors on larger projects such as remodeling or constructing new buildings.

Interior designers are responsible for planning layouts within a space taking into account factors such as traffic flow, ergonomics and accessibility standards. They also must consider elements like air quality, soundproofing and energy efficiency when selecting materials and furnishings.

Design Process Overview

Interior design is a multifaceted profession that combines creative, technical and business skills to create functional and aesthetically pleasing interior spaces.

  • Interior designers work closely with clients to determine their needs and preferences for the space, then develop a concept for the space that is both practical and visually appealing.
  • They also select suitable materials, such as furniture, colors, lighting fixtures and accessories, to ensure the overall design meets the client’s expectations.
  • Additionally, interior designers must adhere to safety regulations when selecting materials and constructing interior spaces.

Through their knowledge of building codes and regulations they are able to provide safe environments that meet local laws while still providing decorative features desired by clients.

Specialization Areas

Interior designers are professionals who specialize in the design and decoration of interior spaces. They work to create aesthetically pleasing and functional environments that meet their clients’ needs. Interior designers typically focus on space planning, color selection, lighting design, furniture selection, material selection, and other aspects of creating a unique and visually appealing interior space.

They often collaborate with architects and other professionals to ensure that a project meets all the necessary requirements for safety and function. Some common specialization areas within interior design include commercial design, residential design, hospitality design, healthcare design, green/sustainable design, kitchen/bathroom design, exhibit/exposition design, retail store layout/design.

Interior designers can also specialize in particular styles such as contemporary or traditional designs or specific materials such as carpeting or window treatments. Professional qualifications vary from country to country but most interior designers will have completed some form of accredited program in order to practice professionally.

Interior Designer’s Role & Responsibilities

Interior designers must consider the safety, function, and aesthetic appeal of the space while considering clients’ needs. Interior designers collaborate with architects, engineers, contractors, artisans, furniture suppliers, and other professionals to ensure that a design meets its goals. They also work with clients to create a functional yet aesthetically pleasing environment for their home or office. Interior designers may specialize in certain areas such as residential design or commercial design.

The role of an interior designer is multifaceted.

  • First and foremost they are responsible for developing a design concept based on their client’s wishes, needs and budget. Once a concept is finalized they must then bring it to life by selecting appropriate materials and furnishings that effectively reflect their client’s vision while still meeting all requirements for fire safety regulations etcetera.
  • Additionally, interior designers coordinate with other professionals such as contractors during the construction phase; ensuring that everything is built according to plans.
  • Finally they often manage any changes to the project throughout its duration including supervising installation crews when necessary.

Qualifications & Education Required

Qualifications and education required to become an interior designer vary by country and state. Generally, a bachelor’s degree in interior design or architecture is necessary for entry-level positions in the industry. In addition, many employers prefer to hire applicants who have two or more years of professional experience in addition to their formal education.

Professional certification is often recommended, as well as membership in a professional organization such as the American Society of Interior Designers (ASID). A portfolio showcasing work experience and achievements may also be beneficial when applying for jobs. Completing an internship while attending school can help gain valuable real-world experience that will make job applications stand out even further.


In conclusion,the field of interior design is a vast and exciting one that provides countless opportunities for creative expression and career growth. Although it requires extensive knowledge of the principles of design, interior design can be rewarding and satisfying for anyone with an eye for detail. Whether you are designing a single room or an entire home, an experienced interior designer can help you create a space that reflects your personal style and meets your needs. With the right education, creativity, and dedication, anyone can become a successful interior designer.

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About the Author: Nick Chen